Learn about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and how to manage it
What is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder that affects a person’s ability to pay attention, concentrate, and control activity and impulsivity. It often begins in childhood and continues into adulthood. It is more common among boys than girls. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects about 2% to 5% of school-age children. It is usually diagnosed between the ages of 6 and 12 years, and symptoms usually improve with age, but may persist in some adults. It may also be associated with other problems, such as sleep disorders and anxiety.
How do I know if my child has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have poor school and social performance. Symptoms of ADHD can appear in the form of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The severity of these symptoms varies depending on the subtype of ADHD.
Children with the ADD subtype have difficulty paying attention and concentrating, being forgetful, and being unable to complete tasks. This type is more common in girls.
Children with the hyperactive-impulsive subtype may be hyperactive, unable to sit in one place, talk a lot, and interrupt others.
The last subtype, known as the mixed type, is the most common, and children with it suffer from symptoms of both previous types.
To diagnose ADHD, symptoms must appear before the age of seven, last for at least six months, and make the child’s life more difficult.
What are the causes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder?
The cause of ADHD is not yet known, but there are factors believed to play a role in it, such as:
Having a family history of the disorder.
The baby is born early.
Low birth weight.
Pregnant women smoking or using alcohol or drugs during pregnancy.
Research has shown several potential differences in the brains of people with ADHD, compared to those without the condition.
Is there a cure?
There is no complete cure for ADHD, but it can be managed through a range of interventions, including:
Educational support: Teachers and counselors can help students with ADHD adjust to the school environment.
Counseling for Parents and Children: Counselors can help families learn how to cope with ADHD at home.
Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy can help children learn how to manage their behaviors and improve their concentration.
Medications: Medications may help control symptoms of ADHD.