“Children with Special Needs” on their International Day
The term “special needs” appeared in the nineties of the twentieth century to denote a category of people who have a total or partial disability in physical or mental capabilities. The term “special needs” refers to the need of these people for special needs that help them live and coexist with their condition, such as programs, tools, services, etc.
In 1992, the United Nations designated December 3 as International Day for Persons with Disabilities.
There are about 240 million children with special needs, according to UNICEF, or 1 in 10 in the world.
Children with special needs suffer from many difficulties that prevent them from living normal life like other. They may be deprived of school and education, in addition to health, psychological and educational neglect, as they are discriminated against and subjected to bullying.
Education for children with special needs
The rights of children with special needs are often violated, as the findings of the United Nations report indicated that children with special needs have 42% fewer chances of achieving basic reading and arithmetic skills. They are also often prevented from attending school, with a rate of 49%. As children who are unable to take care of themselves or have difficulty communicating are more likely to stay at home instead of going to school. Although the subject of education is considered one of the basics and it is the right of the child to have a good education, attention is rarely paid to their education. In many cases, schools are not equipped, or the environment is not conducive.
The mental health of children with special needs
The difficulties that these children suffer from affect their psychological state. Perhaps what is most neglected is the mental health of, which constitutes a large part of the treatment process.
According to a study conducted in 2018 on 17.4 children with special needs. It found that they suffer from psychological stress four times more frequently than without any disability.
In turn, the Child Appeal Charity takes care of children with special needs through the work of health and psychological support projects. Especially refugee who suffer from problems that worsen their health and psychological conditions.