Child Appeal

Health, violence

Child protection from gender-based violence

Gender-based violence GBV and its types:

Gender-based violence is defined as any harmful act that comes outside a person’s control and is based on the differences that society establishes between the male and female genders.

This violence is divided into five sections, according to the literature of the United Nations Population Fund UNFPA, which are:

  • Physical violence
  • Sexual violence
  • Psycho-emotional violence
  • Economic violence
  • Harmful traditional practices

School violence is one of the most common forms of violence around the world. According to UNESCO, millions of children, families, and communities are affected by gender-based violence, which negatively affects a child’s life.

School violence takes many forms, such as

Psychophysical violence:

Especially when it takes a gendered character, such as separating children according to their gender or because of existing societal norms through differentiating between genders in schools and the way of education that is in one way or another closely linked to the teachers who belong to this community.

Sexual and gender-based violence:

Sexual violence is one of the most violent practices affecting children and their future mental health, as its consequences remain on children even after puberty or marriage and can be transmitted to their children because of the violence he was exposed to in their childhood. Sexual violence refers to all sexual acts that are imposed by force, coercion, threat, or surprise.

This act often occurs in schools in various forms, such as rape and harassment, incriminating text messages, pornographic pictures, and videos that are transmitted between children and others.

It is worth noting that girls are more exposed to sexual violence in schools than boys and suffer from far-reaching health and psychological effects.

According to UNESCO, the impact of violence on gender is as follows:

  • Low self-esteem and depression
  • Early and unintended pregnancy
  • Sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV
  • Impact on educational outcomes and even consider dropping out

How do we help children avoid gender-based violence?

One of the most important things that help children avoid violence is educating them to understand gender-based violence, the differences that society makes based on gender, and the societal fallacies that society cultivates in our minds since childhood.

This awareness comes through first educating children to understand violence and its types. Children are often exposed to violence in a harmful way that affects their lives without awareness or realization that what they are exposed to is violence.

Teachers play an important role in the awareness-raising process for children, in addition to the fact that a large segment of teachers does not know about gender-based violence, and they must be informed about it and motivated to spread awareness among students.

At home, parents have a key role in helping their children understand their rights, helping them overcome any problem, containing them, and believing them. In many cases, children complain to their parents about being harassed, and here comes the role of the parents in understanding the smallest details that the children reveal, or helping them to reveal if any kind of mood change is observed in them…

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